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phrasal verb Konu anlatımı

phrasal verb
phrasal verb

İngilizce Phrasal Verb

 

Phrasal Verb – Deyimsel Fiil

iki veya daha fazla kelimenin yan yana gelerek yeni anlam kazandığı kelime gurubu. Oluşturdukları kelimelerin anlamlarına hiçbir bağlantıları yoktur.

otherwise

Genel Yapı

Verb + adverb

pick up kaldırmak

Verb + preposition

Put on giymek

Verb + adverb + preposition

look forward to Dört gözle beklemek

 

TRANSITIVE PARASAL VERB Geçişli Deyimsel Fiiller

Türkçede geçişli olarak adlandırılır. kelimeler arasına nesne alabilirler.

I must give these books  to her

Ona bu kitapları Vermeliyim.

 

INTRASITIVE PHRASAL VERB Geçişli Olmayan Deyimsel Fiiller

Geçişsiz olarak İfade edilir. Kelimeler arasına nesne almaz .

The car Stopped and a man got out

Araba durdu ve bir adam dışını çıktı.

 

 

phrasal verbAnlamımeaningexample sentence
ask someone out Birini Yemeğe davet etmekinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around ask many people the same questionI asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something equalYour purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up reversecan get out."]”>You’ll have to back upyour car so that I can get out.
back someone up supportMy wife backed me upover my decision to quit my job.
blow up explodeThe racing car blew upafter it crashed into the fence.
blow something up add airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down stop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down get upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break somethingdown divide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break in force entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something enter forciblyThe firemen had tobreak into the room to rescue the children.
break something in wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in interruptThe TV station broke into report the news of the president’s death.
break up end a relationshipMy boyfriend and Ibroke up before I moved to America.
break up start laughing (informal)The kids just broke upas soon as the clown started talking.
break out escapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out insomething develop a skin conditionI broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down make unhappyThis sad music isbringing me down.
bring someone up raise a childMy grandparentsbrought me up after my parents died.
bring something up start talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up vomitHe drank so much that he brought his dinnerup in the toilet.
call around phone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back return a phone callI called the companyback but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off cancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on someone ask for an answer or opinionThe professor called onme for question 1.
call on someone visit someoneWe called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call someone up phoneGive me your phone number and I will callyou up when we are in town.
calm down relax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm downbefore you drive the car.
not care forsomeone/something not like (formal)I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch up get to the same point as someone elseif you want tocatch up with Marty."]”>You’ll have to run faster than that if you want tocatch up with Marty.
check in arrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check out leave a hotelYou have to check outof the hotel before 11:00 AM.
checksomeone/somethingout look at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check outsomeone/something look at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up become happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up make happierI brought you some flowers to cheer youup.
chip in helpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up tidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssomething find unexpectedlyI came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart separateThe top and bottomcome apart if you pull hard enough.
come down withsomething become sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward volunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come fromsomewhere originate inThe art of origamicomes from Asia.
count onsomeone/something rely onwhile I am out."]”>I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out draw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsomething consume lessMy doctor wants me tocut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something down make something fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yard downafter the storm.
cut in interruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in pull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut in start operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off remove with something sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off stop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut someone off take out of a willMy grandparents cutmy father off when he remarried.
cut something out remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
dosomeone/somethingover beat up, ransack (BrE, informal)He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over do again (AmE)My teacher wants me todo my essay overbecause she doesn’t like my topic.
do away withsomething discardIt’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up fasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!
dress up wear nice clothingIt’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop back move back in a position/groupAndrea dropped backto third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over come without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
dropsomeone/somethingoff take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sisteroff at work before I come over.
drop out quit a class, school etcI dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out eat at a restaurantI don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.
end up eventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart break into piecesMy new dress fell apartin the washing machine.
fall down fall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall out separate from an interiorThe money must havefallen out of my pocket.
fall out (of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something out understand, find the answerI need to figure outhow to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something in to write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something out to write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something up fill to the topI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out discoverWe don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something out discoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samanthafound it out.
get somethingacross/over communicate, make understandableI tried to get my pointacross/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/on like each otherI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around have mobilityMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away go on a vacationWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away withsomething do without being noticed or punishedJason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get back returnWe got back from our vacation last week.
get something back receive something you had beforeLiz finally got her Science notes backfrom my room-mate.
get back at someone retaliate, take revengeMy sister got back atme for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back intosomething become interested in something againI finally got back intomy novel and finished it.
get on something step onto a vehicleWe’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.
get over something recover from an illness, loss, difficultyI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over something overcome a problemThe company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.
get round tosomething finally find time to do (AmE: get around tosomething)I don’t know when I am going to get round towriting the thank you cards.
get together meet (usually for social reasons)Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up get out of bedI got up early today to study for my exam.
get up standshould get up and give the elderly man your seat."]”>You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone away reveal hidden information about someoneHis wife gave himaway to the police.
give someone away take the bride to the altarMy father gave meaway at my wedding.
give something away ruin a secretMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something away give something to someone for freeThe library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something back return a borrowed itemI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in reluctantly stop fighting or arguingMy boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something out give to many people (usually at no cost)They were giving outfree perfume samples at the department store.
give something up quit a habitI am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up stop tryingMy maths homework was too difficult so Igave up.
go after someone follow someoneMy brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after something try to achieve somethingI went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someone compete, opposeWe are going againstthe best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead start, proceedPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back return to a placeI have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out leave home to go on a social eventWe’re going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someone dateJesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over something reviewPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over visit someone nearbyI haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.
go without something suffer lack or deprivationWhen I was young, wewent without winter boots.
grow apart stop being friends over timeMy best friend and Igrew apart after she changed schools.
grow back regrowMy roses grew backthis summer.
grow up become an adultWhen Jack grows uphe wants to be a fireman.
grow out ofsomething get too big forElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out ofher old ones.
grow into something grow big enough to fitThis bike is too big for him now, but he shouldgrow into it by next year.
hand somethingdown used to someone else"]”>give something used to someone elseI handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something in submitI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something out to distribute to a group of peopleWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something over give (usually unwillingly)The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang in stay positive (informal)Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.
hang on wait a short time (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out spend time relaxing (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up end a phone callHe didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.
holdsomeone/somethingback prevent from doing/goingI had to hold my dogback because there was a cat in the park.
hold something back hide an emotionJamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.
hold on wait a short timePlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold ontosomeone/something hold firmly using your hands or armsHold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.
holdsomeone/somethingup robA man in a black maskheld the bank up this morning.
keep on doingsomething continue doingKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something fromsomeone not tellWe kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keepsomeone/somethingout stop from enteringTry to keep the wet dogout of the living room.
keep something up continue at the same rateIf you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone down fail to support or help, disappointI need you to be on time. Don’t let medown this time.
let someone in allow to enterCan you let the cat inbefore you go to school?
log in (or on) sign in (to a website, database etc)I can’t log in to Facebook because I’ve forgotten my password.
log out (or off) sign out (of a website, database etc)If you don’t log offsomebody could get into your account.
look aftersomeone/something take care ofI have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down onsomeone think less of, consider inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down onme.
look forsomeone/something try to findI’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward tosomething be excited about the futureI’m looking forward tothe Christmas break.
look into something investigateWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out be careful, vigilant, and take noticeLook out! That car’s going to hit you!
look out forsomeone/something be especially vigilant forDon’t forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something over check, examineCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something up search and find information in a reference book or databaseWe can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to someone have a lot of respect forMy little sister has always looked up to me.
make something up invent, lie about somethingJosie made up a story about why we were late.
make up forgive each otherWe were angry last night, but we made upat breakfast.
make someone up apply cosmetics toMy sisters made me upfor my graduation party.
mix something up confuse two or more thingsI mixed up the twins’ names again!
pass away dieHis uncle passed awaylast night after a long illness.
pass out faintIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something out give the same thing to many peopleThe professor passedthe textbooks outbefore class.
pass something up decline (usually something good)I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone back return owed moneyThanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay you backon Friday.
pay for something be punished for doing something badThat bully will pay forbeing mean to my little brother.
pick something out chooseI picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
pointsomeone/somethingout indicate with your fingerI’ll point my boyfriendout when he runs by.
put something down put what you are holding on a surface or floorYou can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put someone down insult, make someone feel stupidThe students put the substitute teacherdown because his pants were too short.
put something off postponeWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something out extinguishThe neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put somethingtogether assembleI have to put the cribtogether before the baby arrives.
put up withsomeone/something tolerateI don’t think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something on put clothing/accessories on your bodyDon’t forget to put onyour new earrings for the party.
run intosomeone/something meet unexpectedlyI ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversomeone/something drive a vehicle over a person or thingI accidentally ran overyour bicycle in the driveway.
run over/throughsomething rehearse, reviewLet’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away leave unexpectedly, escapeThe child ran awayfrom home and has been missing for three days.
run out have none leftWe ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something back return (usually by mail)My letter got sent backto me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something up arrange, organizeOur boss set a meetingup with the president of the company.
set someone up trick, trapThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around compare pricesI want to shop arounda little before I decide on these boots.
show off act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over stay somewhere for the night (informal)You should sleep overtonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something out organize, resolve a problemWe need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to something continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thingYou will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something off stop the energy flow, turn offThe light’s too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch something on start the energy flow, turn on as soon as we switched on the car radio."]”>We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after someone resemble a family memberI take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apart purposely break into piecesHe took the car brakesapart and found the problem.
take something back return an itemI have to take our new TV back because it doesn’t work.
take off start to flyMy plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off remove something (usually clothing)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something out remove from a place or thingCan you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take someone out pay for someone to go somewhere with youMy grandparents tookus out for dinner and a movie.
tear something up rip into piecesI tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.
think back remember (often + to, sometimes + on)When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something over considerI’ll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw somethingaway dispose ofWe threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something down decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Please turn the TVdown while the guests are here.
turn something down refuseI turned the job downbecause I don’t want to move.
turn something off stop the energy flow, switch offYour mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn something on start the energy, switch onIt’s too dark in here. Let’s turn some lightson.
turn something up increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Can you turn the musicup? This is my favourite song.
turn up appear suddenlyOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something on sample clothingI’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.
try something out testI am going to try this new brand of detergentout.
use something up finish the supplyThe kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up stop sleepingWe have to wake upearly for work on Monday.
warmsomeone/somethingup increase the temperatureYou can warm your feetup in front of the fireplace.
warm up prepare body for exerciseI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off fade awayMost of my make-upwore off before I got to the party.
work out exerciseI work out at the gym three times a week.
work out be successfulOur plan worked outfine.
work something out make a calculationWe have to work outthe total cost before we buy the house.

 

 

VERBS / Fiiller

Diğer Konular

 

İNGİLİZCE ATASÖZLERİ VE ANLAMLARI

Konuşmalar / Dialogues

Rewite Sentences

Relative Clause Örnek Cümleler

 

Diğer Yazılar için tıklayın

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