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İngilizce Phrasal Verb

 

Phrasal Verb – Deyimsel Fiil

iki veya daha fazla kelimenin yan yana gelerek yeni anlam kazandığı kelime gurubu. Oluşturdukları kelimelerin anlamlarına hiçbir bağlantıları yoktur.

Genel Yapı

Verb + adverb

pick up kaldırmak

Verb + preposition

Put on giymek

Verb + adverb + preposition

look forward to Dört gözle beklemek

 

TRANSITIVE PARASAL VERB Geçişli Deyimsel Fiiller

Türkçede geçişli olarak adlandırılır. kelimeler arasına nesne alabilirler.

I must give these books  to her

Ona bu kitapları Vermeliyim.

 

INTRASITIVE PHRASAL VERB Geçişli Olmayan Deyimsel Fiiller

Geçişsiz olarak İfade edilir. Kelimeler arasına nesne almaz .

The car Stopped and a man got out

Araba durdu ve bir adam dışını çıktı.

 

 

phrasal verb Anlamı meaning example sentence
ask someone out  Birini Yemeğe davet etmek invite on a date Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around   ask many people the same question I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something   equal Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up   reverse can get out."]”>You’ll have to back upyour car so that I can get out.
back someone up   support My wife backed me upover my decision to quit my job.
blow up   explode The racing car blew upafter it crashed into the fence.
blow something up   add air We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down   stop functioning (vehicle, machine) Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down   get upset The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break somethingdown   divide into smaller parts Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break in   force entry to a building Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something   enter forcibly The firemen had tobreak into the room to rescue the children.
break something in   wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in   interrupt The TV station broke into report the news of the president’s death.
break up   end a relationship My boyfriend and Ibroke up before I moved to America.
break up   start laughing (informal) The kids just broke upas soon as the clown started talking.
break out   escape The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out insomething   develop a skin condition I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down   make unhappy This sad music isbringing me down.
bring someone up   raise a child My grandparentsbrought me up after my parents died.
bring something up   start talking about a subject My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up   vomit He drank so much that he brought his dinnerup in the toilet.
call around   phone many different places/people We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back   return a phone call I called the companyback but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off   cancel Jason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on someone   ask for an answer or opinion The professor called onme for question 1.
call on someone   visit someone We called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call someone up   phone Give me your phone number and I will callyou up when we are in town.
calm down   relax after being angry You are still mad. You need to calm downbefore you drive the car.
not care forsomeone/something   not like (formal) I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch up   get to the same point as someone else if you want tocatch up with Marty."]”>You’ll have to run faster than that if you want tocatch up with Marty.
check in   arrive and register at a hotel or airport We will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check out   leave a hotel You have to check outof the hotel before 11:00 AM.
checksomeone/somethingout   look at carefully, investigate The company checks out all new employees.
check outsomeone/something   look at (informal) Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up   become happier She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up   make happier I brought you some flowers to cheer youup.
chip in   help If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up   tidy, clean Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssomething   find unexpectedly I came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart   separate The top and bottomcome apart if you pull hard enough.
come down withsomething   become sick My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward   volunteer for a task or to give evidence The woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come fromsomewhere   originate in The art of origamicomes from Asia.
count onsomeone/something   rely on while I am out."]”>I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out   draw a line through Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsomething   consume less My doctor wants me tocut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something down   make something fall to the ground We had to cut the old tree in our yard downafter the storm.
cut in   interrupt Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in   pull in too closely in front of another vehicle The bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut in   start operating (of an engine or electrical device) The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off   remove with something sharp The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off   stop providing The phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut someone off   take out of a will My grandparents cutmy father off when he remarried.
cut something out   remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper) I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
dosomeone/somethingover   beat up, ransack (BrE, informal) He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over   do again (AmE) My teacher wants me todo my essay overbecause she doesn’t like my topic.
do away withsomething   discard It’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up   fasten, close Do your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!
dress up   wear nice clothing It’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop back   move back in a position/group Andrea dropped backto third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over   come without an appointment I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
dropsomeone/somethingoff   take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there I have to drop my sisteroff at work before I come over.
drop out   quit a class, school etc I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out   eat at a restaurant I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.
end up   eventually reach/do/decide We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart   break into pieces My new dress fell apartin the washing machine.
fall down   fall to the ground The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall out   separate from an interior The money must havefallen out of my pocket.
fall out   (of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something out   understand, find the answer I need to figure outhow to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something in   to write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE) Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something out   to write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE) The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something up   fill to the top I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out   discover We don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something out   discover We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samanthafound it out.
get somethingacross/over   communicate, make understandable I tried to get my pointacross/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/on   like each other I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around   have mobility My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away   go on a vacation We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away withsomething   do without being noticed or punished Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get back   return We got back from our vacation last week.
get something back   receive something you had before Liz finally got her Science notes backfrom my room-mate.
get back at someone   retaliate, take revenge My sister got back atme for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back intosomething   become interested in something again I finally got back intomy novel and finished it.
get on something   step onto a vehicle We’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.
get over something   recover from an illness, loss, difficulty I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over something   overcome a problem The company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.
get round tosomething   finally find time to do (AmE: get around tosomething) I don’t know when I am going to get round towriting the thank you cards.
get together   meet (usually for social reasons) Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up   get out of bed I got up early today to study for my exam.
get up   stand should get up and give the elderly man your seat."]”>You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone away   reveal hidden information about someone His wife gave himaway to the police.
give someone away   take the bride to the altar My father gave meaway at my wedding.
give something away   ruin a secret My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something away   give something to someone for free The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something back   return a borrowed item I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in   reluctantly stop fighting or arguing My boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something out   give to many people (usually at no cost) They were giving outfree perfume samples at the department store.
give something up   quit a habit I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up   stop trying My maths homework was too difficult so Igave up.
go after someone   follow someone My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after something   try to achieve something I went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someone   compete, oppose We are going againstthe best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead   start, proceed Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back   return to a place I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out   leave home to go on a social event We’re going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someone   date Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over something   review Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over   visit someone nearby I haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.
go without something   suffer lack or deprivation When I was young, wewent without winter boots.
grow apart   stop being friends over time My best friend and Igrew apart after she changed schools.
grow back   regrow My roses grew backthis summer.
grow up   become an adult When Jack grows uphe wants to be a fireman.
grow out ofsomething   get too big for Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out ofher old ones.
grow into something   grow big enough to fit This bike is too big for him now, but he shouldgrow into it by next year.
hand somethingdown   used to someone else"]”>give something used to someone else I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something in   submit I have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something out   to distribute to a group of people We will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something over   give (usually unwillingly) The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang in   stay positive (informal) Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.
hang on   wait a short time (informal) Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out   spend time relaxing (informal) Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up   end a phone call He didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.
holdsomeone/somethingback   prevent from doing/going I had to hold my dogback because there was a cat in the park.
hold something back   hide an emotion Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.
hold on   wait a short time Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold ontosomeone/something   hold firmly using your hands or arms Hold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.
holdsomeone/somethingup   rob A man in a black maskheld the bank up this morning.
keep on doingsomething   continue doing Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something fromsomeone   not tell We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keepsomeone/somethingout   stop from entering Try to keep the wet dogout of the living room.
keep something up   continue at the same rate If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone down   fail to support or help, disappoint I need you to be on time. Don’t let medown this time.
let someone in   allow to enter Can you let the cat inbefore you go to school?
log in (or on)   sign in (to a website, database etc) I can’t log in to Facebook because I’ve forgotten my password.
log out (or off)   sign out (of a website, database etc) If you don’t log offsomebody could get into your account.
look aftersomeone/something   take care of I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down onsomeone   think less of, consider inferior Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down onme.
look forsomeone/something   try to find I’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward tosomething   be excited about the future I’m looking forward tothe Christmas break.
look into something   investigate We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out   be careful, vigilant, and take notice Look out! That car’s going to hit you!
look out forsomeone/something   be especially vigilant for Don’t forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something over   check, examine Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something up   search and find information in a reference book or database We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to someone   have a lot of respect for My little sister has always looked up to me.
make something up   invent, lie about something Josie made up a story about why we were late.
make up   forgive each other We were angry last night, but we made upat breakfast.
make someone up   apply cosmetics to My sisters made me upfor my graduation party.
mix something up   confuse two or more things I mixed up the twins’ names again!
pass away   die His uncle passed awaylast night after a long illness.
pass out   faint It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something out   give the same thing to many people The professor passedthe textbooks outbefore class.
pass something up   decline (usually something good) I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone back   return owed money Thanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay you backon Friday.
pay for something   be punished for doing something bad That bully will pay forbeing mean to my little brother.
pick something out   choose I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
pointsomeone/somethingout   indicate with your finger I’ll point my boyfriendout when he runs by.
put something down   put what you are holding on a surface or floor You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put someone down   insult, make someone feel stupid The students put the substitute teacherdown because his pants were too short.
put something off   postpone We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something out   extinguish The neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put somethingtogether   assemble I have to put the cribtogether before the baby arrives.
put up withsomeone/something   tolerate I don’t think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something on   put clothing/accessories on your body Don’t forget to put onyour new earrings for the party.
run intosomeone/something   meet unexpectedly I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversomeone/something   drive a vehicle over a person or thing I accidentally ran overyour bicycle in the driveway.
run over/throughsomething   rehearse, review Let’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away   leave unexpectedly, escape The child ran awayfrom home and has been missing for three days.
run out   have none left We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something back   return (usually by mail) My letter got sent backto me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something up   arrange, organize Our boss set a meetingup with the president of the company.
set someone up   trick, trap The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around   compare prices I want to shop arounda little before I decide on these boots.
show off   act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully) He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over   stay somewhere for the night (informal) You should sleep overtonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something out   organize, resolve a problem We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to something   continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something off   stop the energy flow, turn off The light’s too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch something on   start the energy flow, turn on as soon as we switched on the car radio."]”>We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after someone   resemble a family member I take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apart   purposely break into pieces He took the car brakesapart and found the problem.
take something back   return an item I have to take our new TV back because it doesn’t work.
take off   start to fly My plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off   remove something (usually clothing) Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something out   remove from a place or thing Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take someone out   pay for someone to go somewhere with you My grandparents tookus out for dinner and a movie.
tear something up   rip into pieces I tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.
think back   remember (often + to, sometimes + on) When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something over   consider I’ll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw somethingaway   dispose of We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something down   decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Please turn the TVdown while the guests are here.
turn something down   refuse I turned the job downbecause I don’t want to move.
turn something off   stop the energy flow, switch off Your mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn something on   start the energy, switch on It’s too dark in here. Let’s turn some lightson.
turn something up   increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Can you turn the musicup? This is my favourite song.
turn up   appear suddenly Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something on   sample clothing I’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.
try something out   test I am going to try this new brand of detergentout.
use something up   finish the supply The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up   stop sleeping We have to wake upearly for work on Monday.
warmsomeone/somethingup   increase the temperature You can warm your feetup in front of the fireplace.
warm up   prepare body for exercise I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off   fade away Most of my make-upwore off before I got to the party.
work out   exercise I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out   be successful Our plan worked outfine.
work something out   make a calculation We have to work outthe total cost before we buy the house.

 

 

VERBS / Fiiller

Diğer Konular

 

İNGİLİZCE ATASÖZLERİ VE ANLAMLARI

Konuşmalar / Dialogues

Rewite Sentences

Relative Clause Örnek Cümleler

 

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