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Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK ‘ ün İngilizce Hayatı (Özet) ve İlkeleri
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in 1881 in Selanik. He was the founder and the first President of the Republic of Turkey.
His mother’s name was Zübeyde Hanım. His father’s name was Ali Rıza. He went to the school of Semsi Efendi in Selanik.
He entered the Military Secondary School In 1895 in Selanik. After finishing the Military Secondary School,
Mustafa Kemal entered the Military High School (Askeri Idadisi). He entered the infantry class of the Military
Academy (Harbiye Harp Okulu) on the 13th of March 1899.
After graduating the MilitaryAcademy, Mustafa Kemal went on to the General Staff College in 1902. He was
graduated from the Academy with the rank of captain onthe 11th of January, 1905. At the end of the Balkan War,
Mustafa Kemal was appointed military attache in Sofia. When Mustafa Kemal was in Sofia, the First World War
broke out. He was appointed to the Commander of the Anafartalar Group in 1915. In the First World War he was in
command of the Turkish forces at Anafartalar. Allied forces landed at the Dardanelles (CanakkaleStrait) and he
defended the counry at Gallipoli. He arrived in Samsun on Monday 19th May 1919. He established congresses in
Amasya, Erzurum and Sivas to save the country from the enemy.He opened the Turkish Grand National
Assemblyon on 23rd of April, 1920.
On the same day Mustafa Kemal was elected President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
Atatürk died at 09:05 at Dolmabahce Palace in Istanbul On November 10, 193∞ …
His principles are:
* Republicanism : Cumhuriyetçilik
* Nationalism : Milliyetçilik
* Populism : Halkçılık
* Secularism : Laiklik
* Revolutionism : İnkilapçılık
* Statism : Devletçilik