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Markers Of Basic Relations

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Markers Of Basic Relations

COORDINATION:   A comma must  be used when you connect two independent clauses with COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

john worked hard, so he succeeded

 

SUBORDINATION: A comma must be used after an introductory SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: 

  since/as/because john  worked hard, he succeeded.

 

TRANSITIONS: A comma must be used after a SENTENCE CONNECTOR. when a SENTENCE CONNECTOR joins two clauses, a period (.) or  a semicolon (;) marks the end of the first clause:

john worked hard. Therefore, he succeeded.

john worked hard; therefore, he succeeded.

some sentence connectors can occupy different positions like adverbs;

john worked hard. he, therefore, succeeded.

john worked hard. he succeeded, therefore.

 BASİC RELATİON COORDİNATORS SUBORDİNATORS SENTENCE CONNECTORS PREPOSİTİONS PREP. PHRASES
addition and besides furthermore

moreover in

addition also

besides apart from

as well as in addition

to aside from

concessive contrast but yet although

even though

though

despite the fact that

in spite of the fact that

however

nevertheless yet,

even so still

nonetheless

in spite of despite notwithstanding for all
direct contrast but while whereas  in contrast

however

on the other hand

conversely

 unlike

in contrast to as opposed to contrary to

choice  or  alternatively
cause  for  because

as

since

seeing that

now that

inasmuch as

in view of the fact that

due to the fact that

owing to the fact that

because of the fact that

on the grounds that

 because of owing to

on account of due to in view of on grounds of

purpose  so that / in order that in case  for

for the purpose of

result/effect  so  so that such [a(n)]…that  consequently

therefore

as a result

as a consequence

thus, hence

accordingly

 as a reult of
manner  as

as if, as though

 like
similarity  just as….so  similarly likewise

correspondingly by

the same token

 like similar to
BASİC RELATİON SUBORDİNATORS SENTENCE CONNECTORS PREPOSİTİONS/ PRE. PHRASES
time  after – before until, since, as when, while by the time whenever once as soon as, as long as hardly… when no sooner… than  first

at first

then, later

afterwards

subsequently

meanwhile

in the mean time

at last

lastly

 after

before

prior to

following

subsequent to

during

emphasis, restatment  actually indeed, in fact as a matter of fact
explanation  that is, namely that is to say
transition  with regard to with respect to as regards, as to as for regarding
reformulation, correction  in other words rather
refutation  on the contrary
exemplification  for example for instance to illustrate  such as
condition  if, unless only if, in case if it weren’t for provided (that)

supposing so / as long

as whether….or (not)

 in the event of in case of but for
 negative condition  unless  otherwise  without

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