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Markers Of Basic Relations

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Markers Of Basic Relations

COORDINATION:   A comma must  be used when you connect two independent clauses with COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

otherwise

john worked hard, so he succeeded

 

SUBORDINATION: A comma must be used after an introductory SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: 

  since/as/because john  worked hard, he succeeded.

 

TRANSITIONS: A comma must be used after a SENTENCE CONNECTOR. when a SENTENCE CONNECTOR joins two clauses, a period (.) or  a semicolon (;) marks the end of the first clause:

john worked hard. Therefore, he succeeded.

john worked hard; therefore, he succeeded.

some sentence connectors can occupy different positions like adverbs;

john worked hard. he, therefore, succeeded.

john worked hard. he succeeded, therefore.

 BASİC RELATİONCOORDİNATORSSUBORDİNATORSSENTENCE CONNECTORSPREPOSİTİONS PREP. PHRASES
additionandbesides furthermore

moreover in

addition also

besides apart from

as well as in addition

to aside from

concessive contrastbut yetalthough

even though

though

despite the fact that

in spite of the fact that

however

nevertheless yet,

even so still

nonetheless

in spite of despite notwithstanding for all
direct contrastbutwhile whereas in contrast

however

on the other hand

conversely

 unlike

in contrast to as opposed to contrary to

choice or alternatively
cause for because

as

since

seeing that

now that

inasmuch as

in view of the fact that

due to the fact that

owing to the fact that

because of the fact that

on the grounds that

 because of owing to

on account of due to in view of on grounds of

purpose so that / in order that in case for

for the purpose of

result/effect so so that such [a(n)]…that consequently

therefore

as a result

as a consequence

thus, hence

accordingly

 as a reult of
manner as

as if, as though

 like
similarity just as….so similarly likewise

correspondingly by

the same token

 like similar to
BASİC RELATİONSUBORDİNATORSSENTENCE CONNECTORSPREPOSİTİONS/ PRE. PHRASES
time after – before until, since, as when, while by the time whenever once as soon as, as long as hardly… when no sooner… than first

at first

then, later

afterwards

subsequently

meanwhile

in the mean time

at last

lastly

 after

before

prior to

following

subsequent to

during

emphasis, restatment actually indeed, in fact as a matter of fact
explanation that is, namely that is to say
transition with regard to with respect to as regards, as to as for regarding
reformulation, correction in other words rather
refutation on the contrary
exemplification for example for instance to illustrate such as
condition if, unless only if, in case if it weren’t for provided (that)

supposing so / as long

as whether….or (not)

 in the event of in case of but for
 negative condition unless otherwise without

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